Child abuse is often hidden. Abusers work hard to cover up the signs of abuse. Children are less likely to report it. Adults are always responsible for the safety of children. Learn about child abuse and what to do to protect children.
Any mistreatment of a minor child that results in a physical injury, sexual exploitation, psychological harm, emotional distress or death can be defined as child abuse. Child abuse also includes failing to provide for the needs of a child.
Physical Abuse means causing injury or pain to a child. It can be as simple as a slap or a shove, or as severe as a beating, burning or cutting. Usually, physical abuse happens on purpose, but not always. Abusive Head Trauma (AHT) or Shaken Baby Syndrome is a type of physical abuse.
Sometimes parents do not know the boundaries between discipline and abuse, or they may lash out at their child in anger. In abuse, unlike discipline, the attacks are unpredictable, and the child is never sure what behavior will trigger an assault. The abuser uses fear of the assault to control the child’s behavior, and the abuse is triggered by the abuser’s anger.
Emotional abuse can be more damaging to the child than physical abuse. Emotional abuse can cause children to lose confidence in the world and for them to lose trust in others. It can take the form of threatening, shouting, name calling or withdrawing affection from the child.
Sometimes, emotional and psychological abuse means forcing a child to live in an environment where they witness domestic violence or other violent acts. An emotionally abused child might be told they are worthless, lazy, ugly or stupid, and they come to believe this. It may even include forcing the child to witness the abuse of a pet or a sibling.
Sexual abuse always affects a child’s emotional well-being as well as their physical health. It happens to boys and girls of every age. It might involve physical contact, forced oral sex or penetration, or non-contact abuse such as being made to witness sexual acts or view pornography.
Child neglect is the most common form of child abuse. Neglect is a pattern of failing to provide for the basic needs of the child, including the emotional as well as physical, medical and educational needs. Sometimes adults use neglect to control the child’s behavior. At other times, the neglect is unintentional when parents do not understand the needs of children. Neglect also occurs when parents are too poor to provide for their children.
Every kind of child abuse and neglect leaves a lasting scar on the child, and the costs of abuse and neglect are staggering. Abuse and neglect can damage a child’s sense of self-worth, their ability to engage in healthy adult relationships and to have a normal adult life at work, home, and school. Some of the effects include:
These costs are paid for by the public – the taxpayer – for the most part. They include:
Often, the first consequence of child abuse and neglect are emotional and mental health problems. Sexual abuse often results in the most significant impairment.
It is important to realize that while adult survivors of childhood abuse suffer these negative impacts as a group, many individual survivors do not face these consequences. Childhood abuse does not automatically sentence a person to an impaired life!
The full text of Child Maltreatment 2013 is available online at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/child-maltreatment-2013
Of the over 315,000 children served by Children’s Advocacy Centers around the US in 2014:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Administration for Children & Families. Child Maltreatment 2013. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/child-maltreatment-2013
There were approximately 244,000 alleged offenders investigated for child mistreatment in 2014.
National Children’s Alliance 2013 and 2014 national statistics collected from Children’s Advocacy Center members and available on the NCA website: http://www.nationalchildrensalliance.org/cac-statistics
A perpetrator of abuse is someone who has caused or knowingly allowed mistreatment of a child. If you see signs of being at risk of harming a child in yourself or someone else, it is important to seek help BEFORE a child is harmed.
Some warning signs of a possible child abuser:
If you recognize these signs in yourself, please talk with a child abuse professional about how to get preventative help. Remember, the adult is always in control when it comes to causing harm to a child.
Adults can take steps to prevent child abuse at any time. Just by educating yourself about child abuse is one step in preventing it. You are becoming aware of the issue and some of the signs of child abuse. This makes you a more protective adult.
As many as nine out of ten children do no tell anyone that they are being abused, especially in cases of sexual abuse. This makes it very important for adults to recognize the behaviors that signal something may be wrong. If you are uncomfortable with something, say something.. You are the first defense in keeping children safe from abuse.
Family factors and prevention of abuse:
If child abuse or neglect occurs, intervention is most effective when it happens quickly. Child abuse can be very subtle, and it is easy to miss the warning signs. Remember, though, that just because a warning sign is seen does not mean abuse or neglect has occurred. It is important to look for patterns of behavior and warning signs.
Helping a child deal with abuse or neglect is difficult but important. It starts with teaching your children how to protect themselves from abuse, learning about touch and about how to talk to trusted adults. Protecting children from abuse also means showing them that you can be safe – you do not live in an environment where abuse is tolerated.
If a child comes to you and discloses abuse, it is normal to feel overwhelmed and confused. However, you can make an enormous difference in the life of that child by taking steps to halt the abuse early. The best thing you can do is to remain calm and provide unconditional support and reassurance.
Most child sexual abuse occurs when children are in isolated activities with an adult, or when older children have unsupervised access to younger children.
The Child Protective Services (CPS) agency in your state may be called something different, but regardless of the name it is the center of child protection efforts. They are required by law to investigate all reports of abuse and neglect, along with law enforcement, health care providers, mental health agencies and others.
If you have any suspicion that a child is being harmed, it is vital that you make a report to CPS. In every state, people can make reports of suspected child abuse or neglect anonymously. Your name and address will never be revealed to the family.
Breaking the cycle of child abuse
If you are the survivor of child abuse or neglect, having your own children may be challenging. It may trigger strong feelings and memories about your abuse. You CAN learn ways to manage your emotions and break old patterns of abuse.
Remember, you are the most important person in your children’s world. Help and support are available to you.
Anyone can be the victim of domestic violence and abuse. Recognizing the signs of an abusive relationship is the first step to ending it and getting help. No one needs to live in daily fear of the person they love.
Domestic violence is about control over another person by whatever means necessary. Abuse might involve emotional or financial manipulation and abuse, psychological intimidation, physical threats or physical violence, or even sexual abuse or rape. Domestic abuse is more likely to occur when one partner was raised in an abusive home, or where mental illness or substance abuse is an issue.
Domestic abuse occurs when one person who lives with another under the same roof tries to dominate and control the other person. It can include physical violence, emotional and psychological abuse, financial abuse and more. The consequences of domestic abuse can be anxiety, depression, feelings of helplessness and isolation, physical injury or death.
Most people think of physical abuse when talking about domestic violence. Physical assault or battery, causing injury to another person or the threat to do so are all parts of physical abuse. Sexual abuse and marital rape are also forms of physical domestic violence. Even a push, shove or slap is physical violence and is a crime.
The threats and verbal assaults may not have led to physical violence, yet, but these forms of domestic abuse can be just as frightening and harmful as a physical confrontation. Name calling, belittling, blaming and shaming, intimidating, isolation and controlling behaviors are all forms of emotional and verbal abuse.
Because an abuser’s goal is to control, they often use money and economic power as a weapon. Economic or financial abuse includes:
There is no particular age, gender or social rank that is more likely to be abused or be an abuser. It is impossible to tell who is an abuser from the outside. Most often, women with children are the targets of abuse because they are in a position of being financially and emotionally dependent on their spouse or partner. Regardless of the kind of abuse you might have suffered or dealt, help is available.
Men experience domestic violence, abuse and sexual assault, but they may not report it for fear of being shamed or not believed. However, support for male victims is just as important as it is for women. All of the information on this page applies equally to men and women. Many local programs and state domestic violence coalitions assist male victims.
Data suggests that up to one in three men may be victims of domestic violence. Men often fear to report incidents because they believe police will think they are the perpetrator and not the victim. Abusive women engage in the same behaviors as do abusive men.
Answer the questions below. Count the “yes” answers. The more of them you have, the more likely it is that you are in an abusive relationship.
Does your partner:
Does your partner:
Does your partner:
The most telling sign of an abusive relationship is when you feel like you have to “walk on eggshells” around your partner because you never know what will set off an explosion. If this is the case, chances are good you are in an abusive relationship.
It is important to remember these things about people who commit acts of domestic violence:
Too often, victims of domestic violence return to their abuser again and again, believing things will be better. All too often, it is worse. If you are in a violent relationship, ask yourself these questions and think about the risks associated with each behavior. Each yes answer indicates a higher risk that the abuser is likely to increase their violence, possibly to the point of murdering you or others in the home.
If you see any warning signs of abuse in a friend, family member, or co-worker, take them very seriously.
People who are being emotionally or verbally abused might:
People who are being physically abused may:
People who are being isolated by their abuser may:
People who are being psychologically abused may:
Speak up if you suspect domestic violence or abuse. You may be the one person who is a lifeline to the domestic violence victim. Talk to them privately to let them know you are concerned. Point out the specific things that make you worry. Tell them you are there for them if they need to talk. Reassure them that you will help in whatever way you can.
People who have never been in abusive relationships do not understand the difficulties of leaving. Ending any relationship is hard, and most victims of abuse have been isolated from family and friends, emotionally beaten, financially drained and physically threatened or harmed.
If you are the victim who is trying to decide whether to leave or stay, your emotions are probably all over the place. Fear, uncertainty, and indecision are common. You might blame yourself, feel weak or embarrassed, or want to stay some of the times. Do not let yourself get trapped by guilt or blame. Your safety is most important.
If you decide to stay with your abusive partner for the time being, do your best to protect your children and yourself.
A domestic violence shelter may be a building or apartment complex where victims of abuse can hide from their abusers. The address of such shelters is confidential as part of keeping abusers from finding their victims.
Shelters usually have space for parents as well as children. They provide a safe place to live while helping you find a permanent place to live and the things you need to start a new life. The shelter will be able to refer you to other services in your community, including:
If you go to a shelter, you do not have to give any identifying information about yourself. If you choose to give your name, this information is kept confidential. Many shelters allow residents to use a fake name to help keep abusers from locating them.
You need to stay safe after you’ve left an abusive relationship. You may need to move so your abuser cannot find you, and your children may have to change schools. If you stay in the same area, you should change your routine. For instance, take a different route to work and avoid places where your abuser might try to find you. Find new places to shop or run errands, and keep a cell phone with you at all times.
You are entitled to get a protective order or restraining order against your abuser. Police can only enforce the order if someone violates it AND if someone reports the violation. This means you must be endangered, and you must call the police for them to help you.
You need to research how protection orders are enforced. Will the abuser be given a ticket or taken to jail? If police only talk with the abuser and release them, this may give the abuser a reason to try and retaliate against you. Do not let a restraining order make you feel completely secure.
1-888-PREVENT (1-888-773-8368) – Stop It Now
1-800-656-HOPE – Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN)
Each State designates specific agencies to receive and investigate reports of suspected child abuse and neglect. Typically, this responsibility is carried out by child protective services (CPS) within a Department of Social Services, Department of Human Resources, or Division of Family and Children Services. In some States, police departments may also receive reports of child abuse or neglect.
In most cases, the toll-free numbers listed below are only accessible from within the State listed. If calling from out-of-State, use the local (toll) number listed. Also listed below are links to State websites, which can provide additional information.
Local (toll): (334) 242-9500
Toll-Free: (800) 478-4444
Toll-Free: (888) SOS-CHILD (888-767-2445)
Toll-Free: (800) 482-5964
Local (toll): (303) 866-5932
TDD: (800) 624-5518
Toll-Free: (800) 842-2288
Toll-Free: (800) 292-9582
Local (toll): (202) 671-SAFE (202-671-7233)
Toll-Free: (800) 96-ABUSE (800-962-2873)
Local (toll): (808) 832-5300
Toll-Free: (800) 926-2588
Toll-Free: (800) 252-2873
Local (toll): (217) 524-2606
Toll-Free: (800) 800-5556
Toll-Free: (800) 362-2178
Toll-Free: (800) 922-5330
Toll-Free: (800) 752-6200
Toll-Free: 1-855-4LA-KIDS (1-855-452-5437)
TTY: (800) 963-9490
Toll-Free: (800) 452-1999
Toll-Free: (800) 792-5200
Toll-Free: (855) 444-3911
Toll-Free: (800) 222-8000
Local (toll): (601) 359-4991
Toll-Free: (800) 392-3738
Local (toll): (573) 751-3448
Toll-Free: (866) 820-5437
Toll-Free: (800) 652-1999
Toll-Free: (800) 992-5757
Local (toll): (775) 684-4400
Toll-Free: (800) 894-5533
Local (toll): (603) 271-6556
TDD: (800) 835-5510
TTY: (800) 835-5510
Toll-Free: (877) 652-2873
Toll-Free: (800) 797-3260
Local (toll): (505) 841-6100
TDD: (800) 369-2437
Toll-Free: (800) 342-3720
Local (toll): (518) 474-8740
Contact the county Public Children Services Agency using the list above
Toll-Free: (800) 522-3511
Toll-Free: (800) 932-0313
Toll-Free: (800) 981-8333
Local (toll): (787) 749-1333
Toll-Free: (800) RI-CHILD (800-742-4453)
Local (toll): (803) 898-7318
Local (toll): (605) 773-3227
Toll-Free: (877) 237-0004
Toll-Free: (800) 252-5400
Local (toll): (512) 834-3784
Toll-Free: (800) 678-9399
After hours: (800) 649-5285
Toll-Free: (800) 552-7096
Local (toll): (804) 786-8536
TTY: (800) 624-6186
Toll-Free: (866) END-HARM (866-363-4276)
After hours: (800) 562-5624
Toll-Free: (800) 352-6513
Wisconsin Reports of alleged child abuse or neglect should be made to the county where the child or the child’s family resides
Children’s Defense Fund
Child Welfare League of America
National Council on Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Child Protection and Custody/Resource Center on Domestic Violence
Domestic Violence Hotlines (all states)
In the US: call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233 (SAFE).
Arizona Coalition Against Domestic Violence
2800 N. Central Ave., Suite 1570
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Hotline: 1 (800) 782-6400
Office: (602) 279-2900 Fax: (602) 279-2980
Arkansas Coalition Against Domestic Violence
1401 W. Capitol Avenue, Suite 170
Little Rock, AR 72201
Hotline: 1 (800) 269-4668
Office: (501) 907-5612 Fax: (501) 907-5618
Colorado Coalition Against Domestic Violence
1120 Lincoln St, #900
Denver, CO 80203
Office: (303) 831-9632
Connecticut Coalition Against Domestic Violence
912 Silas Deane Highway, Lower Level
Wethersfield, CT 06109
Hotline: (888) 774-2900
Office: (860) 282-7899 Fax: (860) 282-7892
Delaware Coalition Against Domestic Violence
100 W. 10th Street, Suite 903
Wilmington, DE 19801
Northern Delaware: (302) 762-6110
Southern Delaware: (302) 422-8058 Bilingual: (302) 745-9874
Office: (302) 658-2958
Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence
425 Office Plaza
Tallahassee, FL 32301
Hotline: (800) 500-1119
TDD: (850) 621-4202
Office: (850) 425-2749 Fax: (850) 425-3091
Georgia Coalition Against Domestic Violence
114 New Street, Suite B
Decatur, GA 30030
Hotline: 1 (800) 334-2836
Office: (404) 209-0280 Fax: (404) 766-3800
Hawaii State Coalition Against Domestic Violence
810 Richards Street, Suite 960
Honolulu, HI 96813
Office: (808) 832-9316 Fax: (808) 841-6028
Illinois Coalition Against Domestic Violence
Hotline: (877) 863-6338
Office: (217) 789-2830
Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence
1915 W. 18th Street, Suite B
Indianapolis, IN 46202
Hotline: 1 (800) 332-7385
Office: (317) 917-3685 Fax: (317) 917-3695
Kansas Coalition against Sexual & Domestic Violence
634 SW Harrison Street
Topeka, KS 66603
Hotline: 1 (888) 363-2287
Office: (785) 232-9784 Fax: (785) 266-1874
Louisiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence
P.O. Box 77308
Baton Rouge, LA 70879
Hotline: 1 (888) 411-1333
Office: (225) 752-1296
Maryland Network Against Domestic Violence
4601 Presidents Dr., Ste. 370
Lanham, MD 20706
Hotline: 1 (800) 634-3577
Office: (301) 429-3601 Fax: (301) 429-3605
Massachusetts Coalition Against Sexual Assault & Domestic Violence/Jane Doe, Inc.
14 Beacon Street, Suite 507
Boston, MA 02108
Hotline: 1 (877) 785-2020
TTY/TTD: 1 (877) 521-2601
Office: (617) 248-0922 Fax: (617) 248-0902
Michigan Coalition To End Domestic & Sexual Violence
3893 Okemos Road, Suite B2
Okemos, MI 48864
Office: (517) 347-7000 Fax: (517) 347-1377
TTY: (517) 381-8470
Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women
60 Plato Blvd. E, Suite 130
Saint Paul, MN 55107
Hotline: 1 (866) 223-1111
Office: (651) 646-6177 Fax: (651) 646-1527
Missouri Coalition Against Domestic & Sexual Violence
217 Oscar Dr., Suite A
Jefferson City, MO 65101
Office: (573) 634-4161
Nebraska Domestic Violence Sexual Assault Coalition
245 South 84th St, Suite 200
Lincoln, NE 68510
Office: (402) 476-6256 Fax: (402) 476-6806
Spanish Hotline: (877) 215-0167
Nevada Network Against Domestic Violence
250 South Rock Bldvd., Suite 116
Reno, NV 89502
(775) 828-1115 Fax: (775) 828-9911
New Hampshire Coalition Against Domestic & Sexual Violence
P.O. Box 353
Concord, NH 03302
Hotline: 1 (866) 644-3574
Office: (603) 224-8893 Fax: (603) 228-6096
New Jersey Coalition for Battered Women
1670 Whitehorse Hamilton Square
Trenton, NJ 08690
Hotline: 1 (800) 572-7233 TTY: (800) 787-3224
Office: (609) 584-8107 Fax: (609) 584-9750
New York State Coalition Against Domestic Violence
119 Washington Avenue, 3rd Floor
Albany, NY 12210
Hotline NYS: 1 (800) 942-6906
Hotline NYC: 1 (800) 621-4673
Office: (518) 482-5465 Fax: (518) 482-3807
North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence
3710 University Drive, Suite 140
Durham, NC 27707
Office: (919) 956-9124 Fax: (919) 682-1449
North Dakota Council on Abused Women’s Services
525 N. 4th St.
Bismark, ND 58501
Office: (701) 255-6240 Fax: (701) 255-1904
Ohio Domestic Violence Network
Hotline: (800) 934-9840
Oklahoma Coalition Against Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault
3815 N. Santa Fe Ave., Suite 124
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Hotline: 1 (800) 522-7233
Office: (405) 524-0700 TTY: (405) 512-5577
Oregon Coalition Against Domestic & Sexual Violence
1737 NE Alberta Street, Suite 205
Portland, OR 97211
Hotline: 1 (888) 235-5333
Office: (503) 230-1951 Fax: (503) 230-1973
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence
3605 Vartan Way, Suite 101
Harrisburg PA 17110
Office (717) 545-6400 TTY (800) 553-2508
Rhode Island Coalition Against Domestic Violence
422 Post Road, Suite 201
Warwick, RI 02888
Hotline: 1 (800) 494-8100
Office: (401) 467-9940 Fax: (401) 467-9943
South Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault
P.O. Box 7776
Columbia, SC 29202
Office: (803) 256-2900
South Dakota Coalition Ending Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault
P.O. Box 141
Pierre, SD 57501
Office: (605) 945-0869
Tennessee Coalition To End Domestic & Sexual Violence
2 International Plaza Dr. Suite 425
Nashville, TN 37217
Hotline: 1 (800) 356-6767
Office: (615) 386-9406
Texas Council on Family Violence
P.O. Box 163865
Austin, TX 78716
Office: (512) 794-1133 Fax: (512) 685.6397
Utah Domestic Violence Coalition
205 North 400 West,
Salt Lake City, UT 84103
Hotline: 1 (800) 897-5465
Office: (801) 521-5544
Vermont Network Against Domestic & Sexual Violence
P.O. Box 405
Montpelier, VT 05601
Hotline: 1 (800) 228-7395
Office: (802) 223-1302 Fax: (802) 223-6943
Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence
711 Capitol Way, Suite 702
Olympia, WA 98501
Hotline: 1 (800) 562-6025
Office: (360) 586-1022 Fax: (360) 586-1024
West Virginia Coalition Against Domestic Violence
5004 Elk River Road, South
Elkview, WV 25071
Office: (304) 965-3552 Fax: (304) 965-3572
Wyoming Coalition Against Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault
P.O. Box 236
710 Garfield Street, Suite 218
Laramie, WY 82073
Office: (307) 755-5481 Fax: (307) 755-5482
Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men and Women
Harmony ME, 04942
Free, online, searchable database of domestic violence shelter programs nationally
The National Domestic Violence Hotline
National Dating Abuse Helpline
Americans Overseas Domestic Violence Crisis Center
International Toll-Free (24/7)
National Child Abuse Hotline/Childhelp
National Sexual Assault Hotline
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
National Center for Victims of Crime
National Human Trafficking Resource Center/Polaris Project
Call: 1-888-373-7888 | Text: HELP to BeFree (233733)
National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights
National Coalition for the Homeless
Domestic Violence Initiative
(303) 839-5510/ (877) 839-5510
Women of Color Network
Casa de Esperanza
Linea de crisis 24-horas/24-hour crisis line
The National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project
National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center
Indigenous Women’s Network
Asian and Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence
Committee Against Anti-Asian Violence (CAAAV)
Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community
The Black Church and Domestic Violence Institute
The Audre Lorde Project
LAMBDA GLBT Community Services
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life
National Center for Elder Abuse
National Organization for Men Against Sexism (NOMAS)
A Call to Men
Men Can Stop Rape
Men Stopping Violence
American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence
Battered Women’s Justice Project
National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women
1-800-903-0111 x 3
Safe Horizon http://www.safehorizon.org/index.php
Futures Without Violence http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/
Women’s Law http://www.womenslaw.org/index.php
Kids Matter Inc. http://www.kidsmatterinc.org/
The Red Flag Campaignhttp://www.theredflagcampaign.org/
Crisis Text Line http://www.crisistextline.org/
Darkness to Light http://www.d2l.org/site/
National Children’s Alliance http://www.nationalchildrensalliance.org/
Truth Alliance Foundation http://truthalliancefoundation.org/
National Center for Education Statistics http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=66
Administration for Children and Familieshttp://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/research/project/national-survey-of-child-and-adolescent-well-being-nscaw
Privacy Rights http://www.privacyrights.org/
Leaving Abuse http://leavingabuse.com/
Child Help https://www.childhelp.org/child-abuse/
Helpguide Articles – Child Abuse http://www.helpguide.org/articles/abuse/child-abuse-and-neglect.htm
Help Guide Articles – Domestic Violencehttp://www.helpguide.org/articles/abuse/domestic-violence-and-abuse.htm
Mayo Clinic – Domestic Violence Against Menhttp://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/domestic-violence-against-men/art-20045149
Mayo Clinic – Child Abuse Risk Factors http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/child-abuse/basics/risk-factors/con-20033789
Healthy Children https://www.healthychildren.org/
US Department of Justice http://www.ojjdp.gov/publications/PubResults.asp?sei=94&PreviousPage=PubResults&strSortby=date&p=
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Violence Preventionhttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childmaltreatment/
CDC Costs of Child Maltreatment http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childmaltreatment/economiccost.html
CDC Intimate Partner Violencehttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/index.html
CDC Violence Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nisvs/index.html
CDC Costs of Intimate Partner Violencehttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pub/ipv_cost.html
Prevention Institute http://preventioninstitute.org/
Women Thrive – Violence Against Women http://womenthrive.org/issues/violence-against-women?gclid=CjwKEAjw8NaxBRDhiafR-uvkpywSJAAxcl6fiGfHac_TbrViZVWSnRD5ktr5o3Xsoqf9l0XSiWmnexoCEoLw_wcB
World Health Organization http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/
Prevent Child Abuse http://www.preventchildabuse.org/
American Academy of Pediatrics https://www2.aap.org/sections/childabuseneglect/
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatryhttp://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Child-Abuse-The-Hidden-Bruises-005.aspx
National Council of Child and Family Violence http://www.nccafv.org/child.htm
National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect http://www.ndacan.cornell.edu/
The Child Abuse Prevention Center http://www.thecapcenter.org/
US Bureau of Justice Statistics http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/saycrle.pd
Child Helpline International http://ChiWorld.org A global portal for children with a list of crisis lines and web resources around the world.
National Children’s Alliance http://www.nationalchildrensalliance.org/cac-statistics
National Center for Victims of Crime www.ncvc.org
National Sex Offender Public Registry www.nsopw.gov coordinated by the Department of Justice
State Sex Offender Registry Websites: The Investigative Programs Crimes Against Children unit of the FBI provides updated links to the sex offender registries of all 50 states.http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/cac/states.htm
Sexual Offenders.com www.sexualoffenders.com This site allows citizens to share information they have about criminal sex offenders, exchange resource links, and post comments in a blog style community.
Family Watchdog www.familywatchdog.us This site allows visitors to enter an address into a field and a map of nearby registered sex offenders will be displayed.
Administration of Children & Families within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services maintains the Child Welfare Information Gateway https://www.childwelfare.gov/which includes information on mandatory reporting along with specific state laws
The Cybertipline www.cybertipline.com or 1.800.843.5678 is an online and phone service which accepts leads regarding Internet criminal activity which are forwarded to law enforcement for review. Operated by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other state and law enforcement agencies
For reporting child pornography outside of the U.S., INHOPE: International Association of Internet Hotlines http://www.inhope.org/gns/home.aspx includes an international directory of resources for reporting concerning online content
To read the specific mandatory reporting statute for your state, consult the Child Welfare Information Gateway searchable database of statutes.http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/state/index.cfm?event=stateStatutes.showSearchForm
Checklist of warning signs and red flags that you’re in an abusive relationship. (YWCA)http://www.ywca.org/atf/cf/%7BC783A7F4-5C12-4A12-ACCF-0C665D3DA10C%7D/Red%20Flags%20for%20Abusive%20Relationships%201.pdf
Emotional Abuse http://eqi.org/eabuse1.htm In-depth discussion of emotional abuse, including types of emotional abuse and signs of abusive, authority-based relationships. (EQI.org)
Breaking the Silence Handbook http://dhhs.ne.gov/children_family_services/Documents/2003silence.pdf Guide to domestic violence including spotting the signs and where to turn for help. (Nebraska Health and Human Services)
National Network to End Domestic Violence http://nnedv.org/resources/coalitions.htmlNNEDV represents the 56 U.S. state and territorial coalitions against domestic violence.
The National Domestic Violence Hotline http://www.thehotline.org/
The Problem http://www.ncadv.org/need-support/what-is-domestic-violence Describes the problem of battering and signs of domestic violence. (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence)
Intimate Partner Abuse Against Men http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/H72-21-190-2004E.pdf Learn about domestic violence against men, including homosexual partner abuse, sexual abuse of boys and male teenagers, and abuse by wives or partners. (National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, Canada)
Dating Violence http://acadv.org/warning-signs/dating-violence/ Guide to teen dating violence, including early warning signs that your boyfriend or girlfriend may become abusive. (The Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence)
Teens: Love Doesn’t Have To Hurt http://www.apa.org/pi/families/resources/love-teens.pdf A teen-friendly guide to what abuse looks like in dating relationships and how to do something about it. (American Psychological Association)
Domestic Violence in Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Relationships http://www.lambda.org/DV_background.htm Learn about the unique problems victims of same-sex abuse face, and how to get help. (LAMBDA)
Information for Immigrants http://www.womenslaw.org/laws_state_type.php?id=10270&state_code=US Domestic violence resources for immigrant women. Also available en Español. (Women’s Law Initiative)
National Domestic Violence Hotline http://www.ndvh.org 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) or 1-800-787-3224 (TTY) – A crisis intervention and referral phone line for domestic violence. (Texas Council on Family Violence)
State Coalition List http://www.ncadv.org/learn/state-coalitions Directory of state offices that can help you find local support, shelter, and free or low-cost legal services. Includes all U.S. states, as well as the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence)
The Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men & Women http://dahmw.org/ Specializing in providing support to male victims of abuse. (DAHMV)
International Directory of Domestic Violence Agencies http://www.hotpeachpages.net/Worldwide list of helplines and crisis centers. (HotPeachPages)
Help for Victims, Family and Friends http://www.opdv.ny.gov/help/helpfor.html Where to find help if you or someone you know is being abused. (NYS Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence)
Male Survivor http://www.malesurvivor.org provides critical resources to male survivors of sexual trauma and all their partners in recovery by building communities of Hope, Healing, & Support.
Stop Abuse For Everyone (SAFE) is a human rights organization that provides services, publications, and training to serve those who typically fall between the cracks of domestic violence services. These groups include straight men, gays and lesbians, teens, the elderly, and immigrants.
Tour a Domestic Violence Shelter http://www.safehorizon.org/page/tour-a-domestic-violence-shelter-138.html Find out what you can expect at a typical refuge or shelter and hear personal experiences of what life there is like. (Safe Horizon)
Safety Planning http://www.womenslaw.org/safety.htm Guidelines for how to safely leave an abusive relationship, what to do if you’ve filed a restraining order, and what to do once you’ve left the relationship. (Women’s Law Initiative)
The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV http://www.ncadv.org/) is the voice of victims and survivors. We are the catalyst for changing society to have zero tolerance for domestic violence. We do this by effecting public policy, increasing understanding of the impact of domestic violence, and providing programs and education that drive that change.
Department of Health and Human Services: Administration for Children & Families. Child Maltreatment 2013. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/child-maltreatment-2013
National Children’s Alliance 2013 and 2014 national statistics collected from Children’s Advocacy Center members and available on the NCA website :http://www.nationalchildrensalliance.org/cac-statistics